Data centre security is the practices and virtual technologies that protect the data centre from cyber attacks and potential threats to the physical site. Because of the valuable and sensitive data that data centres hold, criminals will try to gain access to your data centre. The cost of a data breach can be disastrous as well as cause reputational damage to your organisation.
Sites have to implement physical security measures and network security to secure data digitally. If you have a priceless collection of paintings, you wouldn’t leave them in your workplace’s lobby. You would have a wide range of security features, a dedicated security strategy, and 24/7 monitoring to ensure your possessions are secure. If you store sensitive and highly valuable data, you need similar security measures to protect your data centre.
Implementing the best practices for data centre security ensures it's secure digitally and on the physical site. They protect you from cyber-attacks and maintain compliance. Unlike protecting a physical commodity, however, data centres require digital security features not only physical security measures.
Creating A Data Centre Security Strategy
Physical Security Features
Monitoring & Restricting Access
Establishing Security Processes
Data centre security isn’t a one size fits all approach. It needs to be tailored not only to your data centre but your organisation’s building and location. Security measures will differ whether you’re based in a city, industrial park, or rural area. This is why you shouldn’t wait to think about data centre security until after it is built, you need to consider how to protect the servers before and during the data centre installation.
You will also need different security features if there are physical structures near your building that could cause damage in the event of a storm, for example. There should also be a backup plan in case a natural disaster occurs. This plan ensures data is secure regardless of such an event and no data is lost which could be valuable or sensitive.
Regardless of the unique requirements of your organisation or data centre, there are two key areas to focus security on. Both network security and physical security measures need to be installed to create a comprehensive defence of your data centre.
Cyber attacks come in a variety of forms and are all potential threats to the data stored in a data centre. Malware, DDoS attacks, and spyware are common tools that malicious actors use to gain access to valuable data. An effective method to safeguard against these threats is to establish secure zones in the network. This creates multiple layers of virtual security, in a similar way to having access systems inside a building.
Administrators in charge of data centre security can create three zones inside a network. Having multiple layers of security features enables staff to monitor digital access to the systems. In different zones, security tools can scan for application vulnerabilities and implement countermeasures against any exploitable areas. Visibility of network systems is essential so staff can spot malware that is being hidden alongside legitimate traffic.
Review permissions and establish set users who can access servers and data, but be sure to limit this number to reduce the risk of cyber attacks. 49% of data breaches were demonstrated to be because of human error and glitches in the system rather than cyber attacks, according to the 2019 Cost Of A Data Breach Report. This shows that regular auditing of digital access permissions is crucial to ensure only staff who need access for their roles have it.
Phishing scams and social engineering rely on tricking the human behind a computer. While it’s important to ensure all staff are trained to spot these methods that cyber criminals use, limiting access to valuable data is also necessary. Even with the best security training, the more people accessing data means the risk is increased. Keep the personnel with access limited and ensure all best practices are followed.
- Monitor & Track Staff & Visitors
- Use Multiple Security Systems
- Deliver Training On Security Features
- Regularly Test Security Processes
Monitor & Track Staff & Visitors
As an organisation, you need to know who is accessing your data centre. Physical access management systems allow you to limit entry to the data centre to only authorised personnel. Ensure the members of staff need access as part of their role and provide them with the ability to pass through the security system.
You also need to monitor the movement of everyone through the data centre. CCTV systems provide constant visibility of who is inside a data centre, around the servers, and approaching access control systems. They also act as a deterrent to potential intruders and collect data on an intruder if they gain access to the data centre.
Use Multiple Security Systems
Effective physical security needs to be comprehensive. Implementing multiple security systems creates a line of defence against physical intruders. They need to work in tandem to create an efficient process that forms a security strategy. Install perimeter security features, access control, and create a process that reduces the risk of these measures being bypassed.
Deliver Training On Security Features
For security features to be effective, all staff need to adhere to the process of how to use them. This is the responsibility of your organisation and personnel. First, create a clear and concise security process that’s simple for staff to follow. From there, it’s time to train staff on the process, and then it’s their responsibility to follow the procedures. With effective training, you remove security vulnerabilities that potential threats will look to exploit.
Regularly Test Security Processes
It’s not enough to install physical security measures, create a security strategy, and train staff on the process. Cyber attackers are constantly looking at how to exploit vulnerabilities and weaknesses. To stay ahead of them and keep your data centre secure you need to regularly test security processes. Testing is not only to ensure all systems are working but to identify areas where the security process can be improved.
Infiniti IT Data Centre Security
Don’t leave your organisation’s valuable and sensitive data at risk of potential threats, ensure your data centre has industry-leading security features. At Infiniti IT, our team of engineers design, supply, and install the very best data centre security solutions in the UK.
Install a comprehensive line of defence for your data centre. Get in touch with Infiniti IT to find out more.
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